Primary prevention is the basic requirement for control of Heart Diseases


 Pakistan Cardiac Society celebrates World Heart Day

Primary prevention is the basic requirement
for control of Heart Diseases

KARACHI: World Heart Day is being observed every year in the month of September since 1999 to create awareness regarding heart ailments which is considered number one cause of deaths annually. This year World Heart day was observed on 29th September all over the World. Pakistan Cardiac Society also observed this Day by arranging a seminar at a local hotel here on September 29th which was very well attended. Dr. Usman Chachar, Secretary Health Government of Sindh was the chief guest at the occasion. It was sponsored by M/s OBS Pakistan.

Prof. Khawar Kazmi, General Secretary Pakistan Cardiac Society speaking at the occasion said that cardiac diseases are increasing rapidly in our country. Emphasis on prevention and primary prevention is the basic necessity. World Heart Day is observed on 29th September every year throughout the World. Every year about eighteen million people die due to heart diseases and eighty percent of these people are from developing countries like Pakistan. Due to various infections, water born disease, ineffective vaccination and lake of awareness young people are dying due to heart diseases in poor countries.  Treatment, he said, was very expensive and in spite of treatment, patient is not fully fit. Eighty percent deaths can be prevented by life style modification. We should know about ourselves, our government should know the disease pattern, should have surveillance mechanism which is being implemented by forty countries in the World. 

Pakistan Cardiac Society organized World Heart Day Symposium on 29th September at a local hotel
in Karachi.  Group photograph taken at the occasion shows from (L to R) are Dr. Syed Asad Abbas,
Prof. Najmaul Islam, Prof. Mansoor Ahmed, Dr. Bashir Hanif, Dr. Waris Qidwai, Prof. M Ishaq,
Dr. Usman Chachar, Prof. Nadeem Qamar, Prof Feroz Memon, Prof. Ejaz Ahmed Vohra,
Prof. Khalida Soomro, Prof. Abdus Samad and Prof. Khawar Kazmi.

Prof. Abdus Samad, in his address said that in non-communicable diseases cardiovascular diseases are the major killer especially in poor countries. Enhancement for coronary diseases is associated with nine- S which includes, smoking, sugar, salt, saturated fats, Sodas, step per day. Stressful days- sleepless nights and sedentary life style .  Prevention can be done by life style modification, by drugs, interventions, surgery and genetic interventions. Start of a Walk is difficult which needs lot of power but once you start you will be used to it.  Eleven S are the dos which includes Salicylic  Acids, Statins, seventeen KM walk per week,  scaly fatty fish, sole , sardines, sleep seven hour daily, smile all day specially when upset, scaphoid abdomen <95cm and  skin fold thickness.

 Prof. M Ishaq addressing the participants said that 20 million people die every year and two third are from developing countries. Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are the two most common diseases which needs to be handled carefully.   Policy maker, medical profession and public  are the three Ps  which needs understanding of the  magnitude of the disease otherwise we will not be able to tackle this problem. Government should recognize the cardiac diseases, diabetes and hypertension as epidemic diseases. We should include non-communicable diseases curriculum   in our school, colleges and universities level. Preventive cardiology should be given proper importance in our teaching curriculum. Profession should educate young generation, nurses, para medical staff. Media has also an important role. Effective and economical medication should be provided by the Government, he added.

Prof. Nadeem Qamar, Director NICV in his remarks said that preventive cardiology is not given priority. Government alone cannot handle this problem but public private partnership can play an important role. We at NICVD are starting diploma in Preventive cardiology shortly and degree programme will also be started.  Prof. Khalida Soomro said that we have less than 3% health budget and major part is spent on curative   and not on preventive measures. There is lack of awareness due to decrease in literacy rate. We need cooperation of government for effective   health delivery system, she added.

Dr. Usman Chachar, Secretary Health Government of Sindh in his concluding remarks said that health and education is being given priority by the Government. Public private partnership is essential and Government has been working on it.  With the efficiency of private sector and our resources, we can make much better progress to provide effective health delivery system, he added.     

A panel discussion was also part of this program. The panelists included Prof. Mansoor Ahmed, Dr. Bashir Hanif, Prof. Najmaul Islam, Prof. Ejaz Vohra and Prof Feroze Memon. They pointed out that cardiovascular diseases were becoming very common in Pakistan and there was a need to adopt healthy lifestyle, exercise and intake of balanced diet to avoid heart ailments. They maintained that there was also a need to raise awareness among the masses regarding the cardiovascular diseases and their prevention, Dr. Ishtiaq Rasool, presented the vote of thanks.