Psychological burden of quarantine in children and adolescents: A rapid systematic review and proposed solutions

Print

Psychological burden of quarantine 
in children and adolescents: A rapid
systematic review and proposed solutions

Nazish Imran1, Irum Aamer2, Muhammad Imran Sharif3,
Zubair Hassan Bodla4, Sadiq Naveed5

How to cite this: Imran N, Aamer I, Sharif MI, Bodla ZH, Naveed S. Psychological burden of quarantine in children and adolescents: A rapid systematic review and proposed solutions. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(5):1106-1116. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.3088

ABSTRACT
As COVID-19 grips the world, many people are quarantined or isolated resulting in adverse consequences for the mental health of youth. This rapid review takes into account the impact of quarantine on mental health of children and adolescents, and proposes measures to improve psychological outcomes of isolation. Three electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science were searched. Two independent reviewers performed title and abstract screening followed by full-text screening. This review article included 10 studies. The seven studies before onset of COVID 19 about psychological impact of quarantine in children have reported isolation, social exclusion stigma and fear among the children. The most common diagnoses were acute stress disorder, adjustment disorder, grief, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Three studies during the COVID-19 pandemic reported restlessness, irritability, anxiety, clinginess and inattention with increased screen time in children during quarantine. These adverse consequences can be tackled through carefully formulated multilevel interventions.

Keywords: COVID-19; Children; Adolescents; Quarantine; Mental health; Stigma.

© Professional Medical Publications. All rights reserved.